China has planned its first public auction of state crude oil reserves to a select group of domestic refiners, the reserves administration stated, as Beijing is looking to bring down high raw material costs for manufacturers. The releases will occur in phases and are meant for integrated refining and chemical plants, the National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration said in a statement late on Thursday.
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The agencies remarked that the sales will “better stabilize domestic market supply and demand, and effectively guarantee the country’s energy security,” adding that it plans to regularly release and replenish China’s oil reserves.
Prices of Benchmark Brent crude oil are risen by approximately 40% this year as demand rebounds from its corona virus-led collapse in 2020. On Thursday, Brent dropped 2% but was trading higher on Friday. China’s international crude futures have advanced by 50% this year, and up 80% from a year ago. In its four-sentence statement, the agency did not mention the volume or the timeframe for the auctions.
The vague wording and the lack of detail created some bewilderment among market trackers over whether the auctions had already taken place, or would happen in the time to come, traders and analysts noted. The agency did not respond to Reuters’ request for further remark. There has also been talk in the market of unconfirmed oil reserve sales in July and August which sources familiar with China’s strategic reserves system would neither confirm nor deny to Reuters. Analysts at Goldman Sachs estimated the sale at 22 million barrels and mentioned it most likely took place in August and contributed to a slowdown in Chinese crude purchases this summer.
China’s January-August crude imports fell by 5.7% year on year although August volumes were up 8% from July.
ING analysts declared the announcement looks to confirm previous sales, but also points to further auctions in future. Officials at state-run refiners told Reuters on Friday that the auction could be more of an experiment to demonstrate that Beijing has the tools for the stabilization of the oil supply, rather than reflecting any real supply shortages among refiners. “Refiners don’t really see tight supplies in the global oil market. Instead, some are anticipating prices to drop further to even below $60,” reported an official with a refiner based in south China. China has closely guarded its strategic reserve information. The last public figures for China’s SPR were given in 2017, when the government declared it had constructed nine crude oil storage bases with a net reserve capacity of about 238 million barrels. Consultancy Energy Aspects in early July estimated China’s SPR sites hold 220 million barrels of crude oil, equivalent to 15 days of demand.
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“The SPR news comes at a time when the outage at Shell’s Mars platform is forcing Chinese majors to scramble for alternatives as many of the 10-12 million barrels of Mars cargoes bought for September and October loadings have been canceled,” Energy Aspects analyst Liu Yuntao mentioned.
Liu predicts the auctions would release 10-15 million barrels at most, at a time. Royal Dutch Shell Plc canceled some export cargoes due to damage to offshore facilities from Hurricane Ida on Thursday.